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Sri Parthasarathy Swamy temple
 
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Moolavar: Parthasarathy
  Urchavar: Venkatakrishnan, , Sridevi, Bhoodevi
  Amman / Thayar: Rukmini
  Thala Virutcham: Ape flower Tree (makila maram)
  Theertham: Kairavini pushkarini
  Agamam / Pooja : Vaikanasam
  Old year: 1000-2000 years old
  Historical Name: Brindharanya Kshetram
  City: Triplicane, Chennai
  District: Chennai
  State: Tamil Nadu
 
Singers:
     
  Saint Tirumangai Azhwar had sung the glory of Lord of this temple in his Mangalasasanam hymns.  Says the saint, “I found my Lord in Tiruvallikeni. He is a happy partner of the flower-born Mahalakshmi. He is Lord of the world. A trusted spouse to Nappinnai and He was the envoy of the Pandavas. He is my guide and Lord”.  
     
 Festival:
     
  10 day Laksharchana festival in February drawing thousands of devotees; 10 day Brahmmotsavam in April; Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January and new year days are celebrated in the temple. Some festival is celebrated in the temple throughout the year.  
     
 Temple's Speciality:
     
  The glory of the temple lies in its being one among the 108 Divya Desas of Perumal. Presiding deity is 9 feet tall. This is the only Vishnu temple where Perumal appears with a moustache of a Sarathi – conducting Arjuna’s Rath in the Kurukshetra battle field. He also appears with His family.  
     
Opening Time:
    
 The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. and 9.00 p.m. 
   
Address:
   
  The Executive Officer, Sri Parthasarathy Temple, Tiruvallikeni, Chennai – 600 006.  
   
Phone:
   
  +91- 44 - 2844 2462, 2844 2449. 
    
 General Information:
     
 

Sri Thiagraja Swamigal and Sri Muthuswami Dishithar of the Carnatic Music Trinity, Mahakavi Bharathi had sung the glory of the Lord Parthasarathy.  It is generally accepted that Bharathi’s Kannan songs are on Lord of the temple.  Swami Vivekananda, Maths genius Ramanujam, politician Sathyamurthy had worshipped Lord Parhasarathy.  Lord Gajendra Varadha appears on Baghwan Garuda praised as Perumal granting Garudaseva for ever. Saints Tirukachi Nambi, Sri Vedantha Desika, Acharya Ramanuja, Manavalamamunigal, Chakarathazhwar, Tirumazhisai Azhwar are in the prakara.

Some nivedhanas are famous in Perumal temples – Tirupati Laddu, saltless rice in Uppiliappan Koil and Dosa in Madurai Kallazhagar temple.  Sweet Pudding – Sarkarai Pongal is famous in Parthasarathi temple.   For every 2 kilogram rice, they add 400 gm cashewnuts and 700 gm ghee in the preparation.  Devotees can pay and get it prepared for them for the nivedhana of Lord.  The region was once dense with Tulsi plants.  Pallavas and Cholas did renovations in the temple.

 
     
 
Prayers
    
 

People pray to Lord Narasimha in the temple for good education and wisdom.  They also pray to Perumal seeking wedding and child boon.

 
    
Thanks giving:
    
  Devotees perform Tirumanjanam to Lord offering Sarkarai Pongal nivedhana. 
    
 Greatness Of Temple:
     
 

Lord Krishna-Parthasarathy received the arrows on Himself shot by Bishma to protect Arjuna while managing his rath in the battlefield.  These scars are visible in Lord’s face even now.  Based on this history, Perumal is praised as Parthasarathy – driver of Partha-Arjuna.  The Ghee component in the nivedhana is more to cure these wounds, it is said.  No spices are used in the nivedhanas to Lord.  Praying to Lord Parthasarathy, people of unattractive complextion will understand the truth that beauty is not a constant one but may or will vanish one day due to age, illness or any other incidents in life.

In days of yore, Sage Brugu performed penance here to have Lord as his son-in-law.  He found a female child in the Alli flower in the Pushkarini here.  He took the child, named Her Vedavalli.  When she attained the marriageable age, Lord Ranganatha came to this place and married Her.  This wedding festival is celebrated in the temple on the 12th day-Dwadasi in full moon fortnight in the month of Masi-February-March.  Vedavalli Thayar blesses the devotees from Her own separate shrine.  She does not come out in procession outside the temple but goes round the prakara only on Fridays and Uthiram star days.

Lord Krishna’s role in Mahabharatha is unique by itself., promoting family harmony.  As Venkatakrishna in the sanctum, He appears with Mother Rukmini nearby, Mother Mahalakshmi in chest, brother Balarama at His right and Satyagi at the left, son Padyumnan and grandson Aniruddha – with His whole family.  Lord Rama grants darshan from a separate shrine with Mother Sita, Lakshmana, Bharatha, Satrugna and Sri Anjaneya.

Discus is the main weapon of Lord Vishnu.  He is without that weapon here.  He vowed that He would support the Pandavas in the war but would not hold any weapon.  As Parathasarathy, he appears without discus.  He holds only the conch to announce the war.  Also, He is with two hands only as Krishna in human form.

A heroic appearance demands a moustache for a majestic look.  Presiding deity Venkatakrishna-Parthasarathy appears with this Alankar.  He is also praised as Meesai Perumal.  Meesai in Tamil means moustache.  During the Day 10 (Pagal Pathu in Tamil) utsav in connection with Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January, Lord appears without moustache from day 6 to 10.  During abishek on Fridays he is dressed without moustache.

Against the tradition of one deity in presiding status, there are five in this temple with this importance.  Lord Venkatakrishna is in the main sanctum sanctorum.  Lord Ranganatha and Lord Sri Rama are in the front Mandap.  Lords Gajendravaradha and Yoga Narasimha are in the prakara shrines.  Hence, the temple is praised as Panchamurthi Sthala.  In the Ranganatha shrine, Lord Varaha is near the head and Lord Narasimha at the feet.  They are accommodated in the shrine as they accompanied Lord Ranganatha when He came to wed Thayar Vedavalli.  Lord is also known as Sriman Natha as addressed by Mother when He came to wed Her.  There are flag posts-Kodimarams and entrances for Venkatakrishna facing east and Yoga Narasimha facing west.

Yoga Narasimha in the separate shrine is the first deity of the temple.  Day’s first puja is dedicated to Him.  He had granted darshan to Sage Athri.  The bells in the shrine do not have the sound producing tongue in them as sound would be a hindrance to Yoga of the Lord.  They are just fixed on the shrine door simply for a show. Devotees offer salt and pepper on a platform behind Yoga Narasimha praying for remedy to the illness they face.

 
     
  Temple History:
     
 

Vishnu devotee, king Sumathirajan by name had a desire to have the darshan of Lord as the Sarathy of Arjuna in the Kurukshetra battle field.   He prayed to God for the darshan which Lord obliged as controlling and managing the rath of Partha-Arjuna.  The king begged the Lord to stay in the place in the same form.  Perumal appears only with His conch and not the discus.  Lord absorbed the arrows shot by Bhishma aimed at Arjuna and thus sustained injuries.  The scars are visible even now.  Parthasarathi is the procession deity.  As He grew prominent among the devotees, the temple came to be known as Parthasarathy temple.

 
     
Special Features:
     
  Miracle Based: The glory of the temple lies in its being one among the 108 Divya Desas of Perumal. Presiding deity is 9 feet tall. This is the only Vishnu temple where Perumal appears with a moustache of a Sarathi – conducting Arjuna’s Rath in the Kurukshetra battle field. He also appears with His family.
 
     
 
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