Lord Krishna-Parthasarathy received the arrows on Himself
shot by Bishma to protect Arjuna while managing his rath in the
battlefield. These scars are visible in
Lord’s face even now. Based on this
history, Perumal is praised as Parthasarathy – driver of Partha-Arjuna. The Ghee component in the nivedhana is more to
cure these wounds, it is said. No spices
are used in the nivedhanas to Lord.
Praying to Lord Parthasarathy, people of unattractive complextion will
understand the truth that beauty is not a constant one but may or will vanish
one day due to age, illness or any other incidents in life.
In days of yore, Sage Brugu performed penance here to have
Lord as his son-in-law. He found a
female child in the Alli flower in the Pushkarini here. He took the child, named Her Vedavalli. When she attained the marriageable age, Lord
Ranganatha came to this place and married Her.
This wedding festival is celebrated in the temple on the 12th
day-Dwadasi in full moon fortnight in the month of Masi-February-March. Vedavalli Thayar blesses the devotees from
Her own separate shrine. She does not
come out in procession outside the temple but goes round the prakara only on
Fridays and Uthiram star days.
Lord Krishna’s role in Mahabharatha is unique by itself.,
promoting family harmony. As
Venkatakrishna in the sanctum, He appears with Mother Rukmini nearby, Mother
Mahalakshmi in chest, brother Balarama at His right and Satyagi at the left,
son Padyumnan and grandson Aniruddha – with His whole family. Lord Rama grants darshan from a separate
shrine with Mother Sita, Lakshmana, Bharatha, Satrugna and Sri Anjaneya.
Discus is the main weapon of Lord Vishnu. He is without that weapon here. He vowed that He would support the Pandavas
in the war but would not hold any weapon.
As Parathasarathy, he appears without discus. He holds only the conch to announce the
war. Also, He is with two hands only as Krishna in human form.
A heroic appearance demands a moustache for a majestic
look. Presiding deity
Venkatakrishna-Parthasarathy appears with this Alankar. He is also praised as Meesai Perumal. Meesai in Tamil means moustache. During the Day 10 (Pagal Pathu in Tamil)
utsav in connection with Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January, Lord appears
without moustache from day 6 to 10.
During abishek on Fridays he is dressed without moustache.
Against the tradition of one deity in presiding status,
there are five in this temple with this importance. Lord Venkatakrishna is in the main sanctum
sanctorum. Lord Ranganatha and Lord Sri
Rama are in the front Mandap. Lords
Gajendravaradha and Yoga Narasimha are in the prakara shrines. Hence, the temple is praised as Panchamurthi
Sthala. In the Ranganatha shrine, Lord
Varaha is near the head and Lord Narasimha at the feet. They are accommodated in the shrine as they
accompanied Lord Ranganatha when He came to wed Thayar Vedavalli. Lord is also known as Sriman Natha as
addressed by Mother when He came to wed Her.
There are flag posts-Kodimarams and entrances for Venkatakrishna facing
east and Yoga Narasimha facing west.
Yoga Narasimha in the separate shrine is the first deity of
the temple. Day’s first puja is
dedicated to Him. He had granted darshan
to Sage Athri. The bells in the shrine
do not have the sound producing tongue in them as sound would be a hindrance to
Yoga of the Lord. They are just fixed on
the shrine door simply for a show. Devotees offer salt and pepper on a platform
behind Yoga Narasimha praying for remedy to the illness they face.