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Sri Palaivaneswarar temple
 
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Moolavar: Palaivaneswarar
  Urchavar: -
  Amman / Thayar: Thavalavennagaiyal (devotees endearingly call Her Thavalambigai and Thavalambal
  Thala Virutcham: Palm tree and Palai; Palai is not in existence now
  Theertham: Vasishta theertham, Indira theertham and Yama theertham. In books only Cauvery is mentioned.
  Agamam / Pooja : -
  Old year: 1000-2000 years old
  Historical Name: Tirupalaithurai
  City: Papanasam
  District: Thanjavur
  State: Tamil Nadu
 
Singers:
     
  The temple is praised in the hymns of Ganasambandar. Adored with sacred ashes, holds velWearing the sacred thread, cares for meResides in Pattrurai blooming with Madhavi flowersHe is the Lord for me. - Gnanasambandar This is the 19th Shiva temple praised in Thevaram hymns on the southern bank of Cauveri.  
     
 Festival:
     
  Mahasivarathri in Masi (February-March), Margazhi Tiruvadhirai in December-January and Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November are the festivals celebrated in the temple.  
     
 Temple's Speciality:
     
  Lord Shiva is a swayambumurthy in this temple. Lord Sri Rama installed 108 Shivalingas and worshipped here.  
     
Opening Time:
    
 The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 11.00 a.m. and 4.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m. 
   
Address:
   
  Sri Palaivaneswarar Temple, Tirupalaithurai, Papanasam Taluk and Post – 614 205, Thanjavur district  
   
Phone:
   
  +91-94435 24410 
    
 General Information:
     
 

There are 11 epigraphic details in the temple belonging to Kulothunga I, Vikrama Cholan, Rajarajan II, Rajarajan III and Kulothungan III. The Lord of the temple is mentioned as Tirupalaithurai Mahadevar. There is huge paddy storage built in bricks in a conical shape with a capacity of 12 Kalams, a measuring form followed those days. It is not in use now.

 
     
 
Prayers
    
 

People pray for removal of obstacles in marriage talks, for child boon, progress in education etc.

 
    
Thanks giving:
    
  Devotees perform abishek with vastras to the Lord on realizing their ambitions. 
    
 Greatness Of Temple:
     
 

The Lord and Mother grace the devotees in their wedding robe and garlands. Vinayaka, Oordhvathandava (a form of Lord Shiva dancing ferociously), Dakshinamurthy, Brahmma, Durga and Chandeswara or in the corridor (prakara). The place is called Palathurai as it has the Palm tree as the holy tree of the temple on the banks of Kudamurutti river.

The temple has Shivalingas worshipped by Vinayaka, Subramania, Somaskandar and Sage Vasishta. The 63 Nayanmar (celebrated Shiva devotees) are in a line. Nataraja Sabha, Bhairava, Sun, Moon shrines add beauty to temple. Lord Vishnu, Brahmma and the Chiefs of the eight directions (astathik Palakas – Indira, Agni, Yama, Niruthi, Varuna, Vayu, Kubera, Eesanyamurthy) worshipped in this temple.

A temple nearby Papanasam having 108 Lingas is praised as Keezhai Rameswaram.

 
     
  Temple History:
     
 

Some wicked sages in Tharukavanam performed a Yagna with evil mantras targeting Lord Shiva and created a tiger to kill him. Lord Shiva killed the man-eater and used its skin for his dress. The event happened in this place. The place is called by many names as Brahmmavanam, Palaivanam, Arasavanam, Punnahavanam etc. This is one of the Sapthasthanas around Tirunallur.

During the forest life of the Pandavas, as advised by Sage Dhoumya, Arjuna came to this temple, worshipped Lord Shiva and learnt all the techniques of archery. He also went down the world below the earth and married Uloopi.

Lord Sri Rama worshipped Lord Shiva here to get Himself cleansed of the sin of killing Ravana. Since his sins were cleared of, the place is known as Papanasam (Papa-sin, Nasam-cleared).

There are many Shivalingas serially installed in the Mandap with Avudayars – a platform on which Shivalingas are placed.

 
     
Special Features:
     
  Miracle Based: The presiding deity, Lord Shiva is a swayambu murthy.
 
     
 
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