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Sri Surya Koteeswarar temple
Moolavar: Surya Koteeswarar
  Amman / Thayar: Pavalakodi Amman
  Thala Virutcham: Iluppai
  Agamam / Pooja :
  Old year: 1000-2000 years old
  Historical Name:
  City: Keela surya moolai
  District: Thanjavur
  State: Tamil Nadu
  Besides monthly prodosha pujas, the temple celebrates Maha Shivrathri in February-March.  
 Temple's Speciality:
  It is believed that Sun worships Lord Surya Koteeswarar from dawn to dusk each day. That the shade of Lord falls on the wall, is proof to this belief.  
Opening Time:
  The temple is open from 6.00 a.m. to 12.00 a.m. and from 4.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m.  
  Sri Surya Koteeswarar Temple, Keela Surya Moolai, Thanjavur.  
 General Information:
  The temple has shrines for Lords Ananda Dakshinamurthi, Shakti Vinayaka, Muruga with His consorts Valli and Deivanai, Mother Durga, Nagalingam and Chandikeswara.  Navagrahas with their vahans are in northwest corner shrine while Lord Bhairava and Sun God have their shrines in the northeast corner of Swami Mandap.  

Devotees pray here for relief from eye related diseases and adverse aspect of Sun on them.

Thanks giving:
  Devotees light lamps to Lord Surya Koteeswarar during the pradosha time. Perform abishek and offer vastras. (Pradosha time: generally from 4.30 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.) Those facing adverse aspects of Sun, perform abishek to Lord with green coconut for relief. 
 Greatness Of Temple:
  Sage Yagnyavalyaka submitted all his powers gained from the Veda Mantras at the feet Lord Shiva which grew into an Iluppai tree.  This is the sacred tree of the temple.  He crushed oil from the seeds of the tree.  He also created a forest of iluppai trees.  From the oil crushed from these trees he lit 10 million deepas a day to worship Lord Surya Koteeswarar.  This worship took place during the twilight hours.  This almost coincides with Pradosha time also.  Sun God had the darshan of all these Deepas and derived the benefits of Pradosha worship.  This puranic story happened in this place-Keela Surya Moolai.  The shrine of Lord is facing east and that of Mother Pavalakodi Amman the south.
Lord Bhairava in the temple is praised as Swarna Bhairava.  It is noteworthy that during Aarati, a small red ray appears on His neck, a thrilling experience.  By the movement of the coral light on the neck, devotees believe that He relieves the adverse aspects of Sun and Moon Gods.  People also pray to Lord Bhairava for relief from debt burdens and wants.  In some temples, the rays of Sun fall on the Lord during a few days in a year only.  Here, it is a day to day happening.  The shadow of Lord falls on the wall during the whole day.  Durga in the temple has Her toe ring only in one leg.  People perform abishek to Lord with green coconut for relief from adverse Surya aspects.  Undertaking feeding in the temple satisfies our ancestors.
  Temple History:
  Sun God was sad that He could not participate in the Pradosha pujas dedicated to Lord Shiva as all the people have the luck.  Pradosha time means evening when Sun has to be on duty.  Moreover, it is His setting time.  He spoke to his disciple Sage Yagnyavalyaka who learnt all Vedas and Sastras from Sun.  He prayed to Lord Surya Koteeswarar to bless his Guru-Sun.  He encased all the powers of Vedas in the Bhaskara Chakra he made and submitted it at the feet of Lord Surya Koteeswara.  The lamps he lit with the Iluppai oil also helped Sun to have daily darshan of Lord without any breaks.  
Special Features:
  Miracle Based: Sun God is worshipping Lord Surya Koteeswarar each day from morning to dusk. The shadow of Lord falls on the wall as a proof of this belief.
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