Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar (Parithi Niyamam) Temple : Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar (Parithi Niyamam) Temple Details | Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar (Parithi Niyamam)- Parithiappar Koil | Tamilnadu Temple | பாஸ்கரேஸ்வரர்
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Sri Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar (Parithi Niyamam) temple
Moolavar: Bhaskareswarar, Parithiappar
  Urchavar: -
  Amman / Thayar: Mangalambikai
  Thala Virutcham: Arasu (Bodhi tree)
  Theertham: Surya Pushkarini, Chandra Pushkarini Karunguzhi Theertham
  Agamam / Pooja : -
  Old year: 1000-2000 years old
  Historical Name: Parithi Niyamam
  City: Parithiappar Koil
  District: Thanjavur
  State: Tamil Nadu
  The temple is praised in the Thevaram hymns of Saints Tirugnana Sambandar, Tirunavukkarasar and Sundarar.  This is the 101st Shiva temple on the southern bank of Cauvery praised in hymns.  
  Akshaya Thrithiya, Masi Ratha Sapthami in February-March, 10 day Panguni Surya puja in March-April are the festivals celebrated in the temple.  
 Temple's Speciality:
  Lord Shiva in the temple is a swayambumurthy. Sun God dedicates his puja to Lord on Panguni 18, 19 and 20 in March-April with his rays submitted on Lord Shiva. This is the only temple where Sun stands before Lord enjoying His darshan. There are 3 Chandikeswaras in the prakara. Behind the goshta wall are Lord Maha Vishnu and Sri Anjanya side by side.  
Opening Time:
  The temple is open from 6.30 a.m. to 12.30 a.m. and from 3.30 p.m. to 8.30 p.m.  
  Sri Bhaskareswara Swami Temple, Parithiappar Koil, Orathanadu Taluk, Thanjavur – 614 904.  
  +91- 4372-256 910. 
 General Information:
  Very Ancient Temple. it facing East. Five rajagopuram are there. The entrance of first gopuram had a kodimaram, vinayagar, nandhi, palipeedam, Ambal temple is situated near to the vasantha mandapam facing south. Acossing the  second gopuram vinayagar, murugan, Gajalaxmi sannathi are there to worship. Natraja saba are there. Near to that bairavar, suryan, chandiran and navagraham are there. Murugan in this temple is consider and worship varaprasatha moorthy.
After worshiping dwarabalakar and vinayagar and enter into the sannnithi to worship swambu moorthhy. Opposite to moolavar nandhi, palipeedam.
  This is the place where Sun was relieved of his doshas, hence noted for its importance to perform rituals for the ancestors.  Pithur dosha may fall on one due to the adverse aspect of any planet.  Those born on Karthika, Uthiram, Uthiradam star days, those undergoing Sun main period in life, those born under Leo ascendant and Rasi and in the months Chithirai (April-May), Aavani (September-October), Aipasi (October-November) and on the first day of any Tamil month, pray here on the first Sunday of the full moon fortnight to get relieved from all adverse aspects affecting them. 
Thanks giving:
  Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother with vastras and contribute for the renovation of the temple. 
 Greatness Of Temple:
  Sun God partook in the Yajna conducted by Daksha without the permission of Lord Shiva and was therefore punished by Lord Akora Veerabadra and incurred doshas.  For relief, Sun worshipped Lord in 16 Shiva sthalas.  Sankarankoil, Thalai Gnayiru,Suriyanar Koil and Tirumangalakudi in South and Konark in north are among these 16 places.
This is also the shrine granting longevity to devotees.  It is believed that Sage Markandeya is worshipping the Lord even now formlessly.  Those suffering from prolonged and severe ailments draw benefit from praying to Lord Shiva in this temple.  People attaining the age of 60, 70 and 80 celebrate Ayush Homa (longevity worship) in this temple.  One Brhamma Shrama and his wife Susheelai incurred a curse to be born as eagle and parrot.  They worshipped Lord Shiva here and were relieved of the curse.
  Temple History:
  Once, Sun God known as Parithi in Tamil was affected by a severe disease.  He surrendered to Lord Shiva for relief.  Lord advised Sun to reach this place, create a holy spring, install a Shivalinga and worship Him.  Sun meticulously followed Lord’s advice and gained relief from the disease. As Lord Shiva graced the Sun, He is named Parithi Appar in Tamil and Bhaskhareswara in Sanskrit.
The other story is that Emperor Shibi, belonging to Lord Sri Rama’s Surya dynasty in the ascending order, renounced his royal life and set out on a pilgrimage of Shiva sthalas.  He is the king who rendered justice to a dove offering his own flesh.  During the pilgrimage, the emperor was relaxing at this place.  His escort was gathering grass for feeding the horse.  While he dug the land for grass, his instrument touched the Shivalinga below and began to bleed.   The king ordered for further digging and found the Surya Linga.  He performed abishek to the Linga and worshipped.  A scar on the Linga is still an evidence of this event, according to sthala purana.  The emperor learnt the origin of Linga from a sage.
The Linga installed by Sun was brought out to the world through one belonging to his own dynasty.  The rays of Sun fall on Lord during March-April (Panguni Tamil month on 18, 19 and 20).
Special Features:
  Miracle Based: Lord is a swayambumurthy in the temple. The rays of Sun fall on the Lord on 18, 19 and 20 in the Tamil month of Panguni. He is in a standing posture before the Linga in the temple, a rare darshan exclusively in this temple. There are 3 Chandikeswaras in the prakara. Lord Maha Vishnu and Sri Anjaneya are in the goshta wall behind the sanctum.
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