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Sri Kalatheeswarar temple
Moolavar: Kalatheeswarar
  Urchavar: Somaskandar
  Amman / Thayar: Gnanambikai
  Thala Virutcham: Shenmbagam
  Theertham: Utharavahini
  Agamam / Pooja : Kameekam
  Old year: 500 years old
  Historical Name: -
  City: Uthamapalayam
  District: Theni
  State: Tamil Nadu
  Chithirai Wedding festival in April-May; Aipasi Annabishekam in October-November; Margazhi Arudra Darshan in December-January; Shivrathri in February-March and Tirukarthikai in November-December are the festivals celebrated in the temple.  
 Temple's Speciality:
  Of the Pancha Bhoodha sthalas, the place belongs to Vayu-air category. There are shrines for serpent planets Rahu and Ketu in the temple.  
Opening Time:
  The temple is open from 7.00 a.m. to 11.30 a.m. and from 5.00 p.m. to 8.00 p.m.  
  Sri Kalatheeswarar Temple, Then Kalahasthi Uthamapalayam-625 533, Theni district.  
  +91- 4554 - 265 419, 93629 93967. 
 General Information:
  Lord Rajaganapathi blesses the devotees in the temple.  Vasthu Bhagwan-the deity responsible for the proper construction of buildings in accordance with rules for safety, peace and prosperity-with His tuft tied upward occupies the centre place in the Rasi Chakra-Zodiac squares-on the upper wall of the front mandap before the Shiva shrine.  Above this is a sculpture depicting Lord Brahmma and Mother Ambica worshipping Lord Shiva.  A serpent is around them circling.  Sun, Moon, Sages Vyakrapada and Patanjali are nearby.  Animals related to the 27 stars and symbols of zodiac signs are depicted around Vasthu Bhagwan.
Next to that is the painting of Suryamandala space chakra.  Sun occupying the centrestage, other planets are around Him.  Lord Dakshinamurthi in the Goshta of Shiva shrine appears without the banyan tree.  Lord Lingodhbava is in a separate shrine.  Lord Vishnu and Brahmma and Nandhi are before this shrine.  There are shrines for Lord Kasi Viswanatha with Mother Visalakshi, Lord Chockanathar with Mother Meenakshi and Sahasralinga with Mother Parasakthi in the prakara.  Special abisheks are performed to Sahasralinga on Poornima-full moon days when devotees can have the darshan of Kannimoola Ganapathy, Viswanatha, Chockanatha and Sahasralinga near Lord Dakshinamurthy simultaneously.
  Majority of the devotees are for relief from the adverse effects of the serpent planets Rahu and Ketu. 
Thanks giving:
  Devotees perform abishek to Lord and Mother and Rahu-Ketu planets offering vastras. 
 Greatness Of Temple:
  After installing Lord Kalathinathar, devotees wished to install Mother Ambica.  Many idols were made but none was perfect.  For quite long years, the temple remained without Ambica.  Appearing in the dream of a devotee, Lord Shiva said that Ambica would emerge from Mullaiperiyaru River. During floods, a basket came floating with Ambica idol.  Their joy knowing no bounds, devotees, named Her Gnanambika after the name of the Ambica in Kalahasthi temple in north.  Some scars caused through the tossing of flood waters are still visible on Ambica’s face.  The temple is more known as Gnanambikai temple than as Kalatheeswarar temple.
Lord Somaskanda shrine is in between those of Lord and Mother.  Devotees can have the darshan of Mother Ambica and Muruga simultaneously from one place.  The temple is a symbol of Mother-child love.  Any mother or son differing from each other and separated are united by prayers in the shrine.
As Ambica Gnanambika was found at a place known as Kokilapuram nearby, it is revered as Her birth house-Piranthaveedu in Tamil.  During the Wedding Festival -Tirukalyanam, people of Kokilapuram use to bring gifts to Ambica and dresses for Son-in-law Lord.  These are used in the Alankara during the festival.
The temple is situated on the western bank of River Mullaiperiyaru.  Ganga flows northward from south in Kasi.  Lord Kala Bhairava is a special deity in Kasi-Varanasi.  Similarly, the river flows northward in this place also as Utharavahini – river flowing northward.  Hence, Kalabhairava in this temple too is powerful and merciful.  Those seeking repentance for sins committed and salvation pray to Him.  Those facing adversities due to their birth star, Rasi, involved in land disputes pray to Lord Shiva standing under the Vasthu, Surya chakra.
The temple belongs to Vayu category as Kalahasthi in north (in Andra Pradesh).  Hence, Lord of the temple is also known as Vayu Lingeswarar.  As we cannot touch Vayu the air, He cannot be touched – Theenda Thirumeni in Tamil.  The story of Kannappa in Kalahasthi getting back his eyes from Lord Shiva is popular among Shiva devotees to whom a chapter is dedicated in the Tamil Epic Peria Puranam  Remembering this episode, there is a shrine for Kannappa Nayanar appearing with Rudraksha Mala, bow and arrow.  Special pujas are dedicated to Lord Shiva and Kannappar on Shivrathri.  Those facing eye problems pray here offering vastras to both Lord and His celebrated devotee, with sweet pudding – sarkarai pongal nivedhana.
Traditionally, we see Saptha Madhas – seven mothers – Brahmi, Maheswari, Goumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Indrani and Chamundadevi.  There are Ashta Madhas – eight mothers- here.  According to Devi Bhagavatham, seven madhas came from the Aadhi Shakti with seven powers.  Based on this philosophy, Kali Devi is also here making the number to eight.  This darshan is considered very beneficial to devotees.
Mother Saraswathi graces in the temple with Her Veena in left hand and the Aksharamala in the right.
Kubera, the Lord of Wealth graces in the prakara with Mother Ishwarya Lakshmi.  Special pujas are dedicated to Him on the Akshaya Thrithiya day occurring in April-May.   People pray in this shrine that day seeking all prosperity.
Serpent Planets Rahu and Ketu have their own shrines next to each other in this temple.  Planet Rahu has a shrine in Tirunageswaram and Ketu in Kilperumpallam temples.  Here, they are together in one temple with own shrines. Planet Rahu is on a square peeta with his consort Simhika and Ketu on other peeta with his consort Chitralekha.  There are separate Dwarapalakas (security guards) in each shrine.  The seven Naga Devadas-serpent deities are carved in the shrine.  Special milk abisheks are performed for them on Swati Star days.  On Sundays, during Rahukalam (4.30 p.m. to 6.00 p.m.) Sarpa Dosha Parihara Homa is performed in the temple.  Devotees join this worship for relief from the adverse effects of these planets.  Also special pujas and homas are performed in the shrines during Rahu-Ketu transition day with wedding festival.
Black belongs to planet Saturn.  Devotees offer black vastras to him.  Green belongs to Mercury-Budha the authority for education.  People here offer green vastras to Saturn to gain academic benefits.
King of Poison-Visha Raja is outside Kalatheeswarar temple.  He does not have a shrine as such.  There is a small wall around him.  It is said that he dries under Sun and goes wet under rains to grace his devotees.  Those suffering from poisonous bites worship here on Poornima-full moon day offering milk abishek and vastras.  They also do Angapradakshina.
Nine heroes-Nava Veeras are before Lord Muruga shrine.  Sun and Moon grace the devotees with their consorts on a lotus peeta near the tower.   Lord Sarabeswara appears without Lord Narasimha.  People pray here during Rahukalam time here on Tuesdays – 3.00 p.m. to 4.30 p.m.  Those facing Naga dosha use to tie Mangal Sutra to Nagar for reliefs performing turmeric abishek.  Sri Nandi Deva graces under the tower with His consort.  Lord Veena Dakshinamurthy graces the devotees as a procession deity.
  Temple History:
  A king ruling this region was a Lord Muruga devotee.  He was also in charge of the army of Rani Mangammal.  He used to visit Kalahasthi often to worship Lord Shiva.  As he grew old, he could not continue his frequent travels.  Merciful Shiva, to fulfill the wish of the devotee granted darshan to him in this place and stayed here as Kalatheeswarar.  The place came to be praised as Then Kalahasthi – Kalahasthi of South.  
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